Yes: this would be my OUTDATED REU page.

The Research Experience for Undergraduates (REU) program is exactly as the name implies. To find out more, just go to the UCF Computer Vision REU Home Page

Name Ashish Myles
Game Wheelchair Detection and Tracking in 3D in a Calibrated Environment
Secret The wheelchair is modeled in 3D by two parallel circles and a region vertically above them representing face. New areas in the image are extracted using background subtraction, and a simplistic shadow removal algorithm is used to more accurately locate the bottom of the wheels to locate them in 3D using floor calibration. The projection of the wheels in the image is extracted using an efficient variation of the Hough Transform, while the face region is detected using skin detection. The ellipses are then pre-processed for normalization and simplification of the 3D math, and their world coordinates are derived via the calibration of the floor. Ellipses and skin regions are pieced together to form the wheelchair model, which is tracked from frame to frame. In the cases where the ellipse project of the wheel is not visible due to the angle of the wheelchair, optical flow is used as a guide to predict the wheelchair motion.
Progress So far I have finished the detection part; however, I would like to improve on the background subtraction and shadow removal in some frames. Also, instead of using approximations for the 2D ellipse to 3D circle mapping, I'll probably upgrade to the full-blown 3D math involved in locating the wheels in world coordinates. Wheelchair tracking is still to be done.

Background Subtraction

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As seen above, the shadow removal algorithm is not perfect. It removes areas that are obviously not shadow. However, the important thing is that it more accurately locates the bottom of the wheel.

Skin Detection

Close skin regions are successfully merged as seen above. The hand is seen as part of the arm even though the watch separates the two regions. Even though the arms are not used in the wheelchair detection algorithm, merging is very important in the cases that the face is separated into smaller regions due to facial hair.

Ellipse Detection

The ellipses actually turn out to be a little smaller than the outer periphery of the wheel. This is okay since they will be expanded to fit to the floor in the next step so that the wheel can be located in 3D via floor calibration.

Wheelchair Detection

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The first and second lines refer to the closer and the further wheel, respectively. They refer to the 3D coordinates of the center of the wheel, followed by the radius and the angle of orientation with respect to the wall behind. The third line gives the 3D coordinates of the centroid of the face. All the values are in feet and are with respect to the bottom of the camera stand, and the 3D coordinate system is parallel to the floor. The first and last horizontal line on the floor are eight and sixteen feet, respectively, from the 3D origin. The vertical line on the floor is approximately where the z-axis of the coordinate system lies. The actual radius of the wheel is one foot. It is interesting to notice that the y-coordinates off the wheel centers are approximately equal to the radii of the wheels. They are not exactly equal since they are calculated in two completely different ways.